Augustus Caesar was the first emperor of Rome and adopted son of Julius Caesar. When Julius was slain by the senate members, he WHO IS "HE"? joined forces with general Mark Anthony and conquered all of Rome. Once all of the battles were over, he divided the empire with Mark Anthony and Mark Anthony decided to take Egypt. Now as emperor he expanded the Roman empire and took over Northern Spain, Egypt (which he invaded and took over from former ally Mark Anthony) and Germany.
Augustus Caesar was born as Gaius Octavius Thurinus. He had a famous great-uncle, Julius Caesar, and at the age of four his father died. Soon he was adopted by his uncle Julius, but then Julius was killed by the members of the senate on March Fifteenth. But Augustus did not just inherit the throne after Julius was assasinated. The senate wanted to reinstate the republic that Julius had dissolved, and so Augustus had to join with Mark Antony and Marcus Aemilius Lepidus in a conquest of Rome.
Augustus, Mark Anthony and Marcus Aemilius Lepidus allied in what later became known as the Second Triumvirate. The trio took over all of the former Roman Republic, and also added Egypt, Spain and Germany. As they all had supported Julius Caesar when he had been alive, they decided right after the war that they would send Augustus and Mark Anthony to kill two of Caesar's assassins, Brutus and Gaius Cassius. After this they divided the empire among themselves, each getting a section of Rome to control.
Rule of Rome
Caesar did many things as emperor. As part of the Triumvirate, he exiled political enemies and stripped them of their property, selling their things to keep the government's treasury afloat.
Many Romans in Augustus' territories thought that Cleopatra, queen of Egypt living with Mark Anthony, wanted to take over Rome. Augustus attacked Egypt, and, with their military in ruins, Cleopatra and Mark Anthony both committed suicide.
All pages accessed April 4, 2013.
Julius Caesar (Wikipedia)
The Roman Empire in the First Century (PBS)
The Divine Augustus (Suetonius)
Augustus Caesar (Princeton University)
Second Triumvirate (Wikipedia)
History of Western Civilization (E.L. Skip Knox, Boise State University)